Services and Rates


I specialize in nonfiction and creative nonfiction editing, primarily memoir and personal essay. I will proofread any manuscript, fiction or nonfiction.

No firm definitions of the different levels of editing exist. Even professional editors cannot agree on the precise definition of each level. So these are the services I provide at each level of editing.

Developmental Edit

The Shaping Stage

With a developmental edit, I will provide a detailed report to you. I will not change or alter any part of your manuscript (ms). In a developmental edit, I will ask these questions before the developmental edit:

Who is your audience?

What is your purpose?

What promise does your ms make to the reader?

In my report, I tell you if...

  • you have fulfilled your promise to the reader. 

  • the subject matter is thoroughly and accurately explored.

  • the style, tone, and approach are appropriate to each of the above.


Structural Edit

The Restructuring Stage

With a structural edit, I move, reorder, and restructure your ms. I work with you to correct and improve the ms. And...

  • make the chapter arrangement logical.

  • give the text a cohesive flow.

  • highlight jargon to be defined or eliminated.

  • make tone and language appropriate to the purpose and audience.  


Line Edit

The Smoothing Stage 

With a line edit, I check sense and flow. I decide if every paragraph, every sentence, and every word is necessary. It's about paragraph-level readability and clarity. I make sure...

  • the text is clear, logical, and coherent.

  • the structure is consistent throughout and easy to follow.

  • the tone is appropriate to the material, audience, and purpose.


Copy Edit 

The Correcting Stage

A copy edit is a bridge between a line edit and a final proofread. In a copy edit, I make sure spelling, grammar, and punctuation are consistent and correct. 



The Quality-control Stage

The end of the line to make the manuscript the best it can be. It's the final review, strictly a clean-up, looking for errors of any kind: checking for PUGS (punctuation, word usage, grammar, syntax), any inconsistency of font style, weight, and size, problems with page layout, misnumbered charts, graphs, and images, etc. 




I will read your nonfiction manuscript to determine if it is ready for editing. Is the thesis obvious? Is it a manuscript that presents a unique concept and/or presents a subject in a unique way? Is the material organized in a way that promotes understanding? Is it interesting? Is it complete? Is it ready for editing and, if so, which level of editing? You will receive a report from me that answers these questions and more.


Min. $100 -- Max. $150