Services and Rates


I specialize in nonfiction and creative nonfiction editing, primarily memoir and personal essay. I will proofread any manuscript, fiction or nonfiction.

No firm definitions of the different levels of editing exist. Even professional editors cannot agree on the precise definition of each level. So these are the services I provide at each level of editing.

Manuscript Assessment

Overall Analysis

With a manuscript assessment, I will provide a multi-page report. I will not change or alter any part of your manuscript (ms).  Since I work in nonfiction, prior to the assessment I will need to know your answers to these questions: Who is your audience? What is your purpose? What promise does your ms make to the reader? I will tell you what works and what doesn't. In my report, I tell you if...

  • you have fulfilled your promise to the reader. 

  • the subject matter is thoroughly and accurately explored.

  • the style, tone, and approach are appropriate to each of the above.

  • how much editing needs to be done at each level (see below).

$150-$250 depending on ms length

Developmental Edit

The Shaping Stage

A developmental edit is a deep-dive edit. In a developmental edit. If I have not done a ms assessment for you, I will ask these questions:

  • Who is your audience?

  • What is your purpose?

  • What promise does your ms make to the reader?

  • Do you fulfill this promise?


Line Edit

The Smoothing Stage 

With a line edit, I check sense and flow. I decide if every paragraph, every sentence, and every word is necessary. It's about paragraph-level readability and clarity. I make sure...

  • the text is clear, logical, and coherent.

  • the structure is consistent throughout and easy to follow.

  • the tone is appropriate to the material, audience, and purpose.


Structural Edit

The Restructuring Stage

With a structural edit, I move, reorder, and restructure your ms. I work with you to correct and improve the ms. And...

  • make the chapter arrangement logical.

  • give the text a cohesive flow.

  • highlight jargon to be defined or eliminated.

  • make tone and language appropriate to the purpose and audience.  


Copy Edit 

The Correcting Stage

A copy edit is a bridge between a line edit and a final proofread. In a copy edit, I make sure spelling, grammar, and punctuation are consistent and correct. 



The Quality-control Stage

The end of the line to make the manuscript the best it can be. It's the final review, strictly a clean-up, looking for errors of any kind: checking for PUGS (punctuation, word usage, grammar, syntax), any inconsistency of font style, weight, and size, problems with page layout, misnumbered charts, graphs, and images, etc.